In Ferdowsi's Shahnameh Zarathushtra held up a censer containing a flame and said to King Vishtasp "Look upon the heavens and the earth. Despite this early tradition, Zoroastrians did develop the concept of worshipping in temples. Traditionally, Zoroastrians worship individually at home, or in the open, facing a source of light. The Shahnameh goes on to state that King Jamshid: These hymns are believed to be the original words of Zarathushtra, faithfully preserved as an oral tradition through the generations. At the heart of a Zoroastrian place of worship burns a fire - and where possible the fire burns continuously symbolizing an eternal flame. ), The Avestan áthar is related to Czech vatra, Romanian vatrā “fire,” Latin āter “blackened by fire,” atrium “chimney, space over hearth” come from the same root, (Courtesy of Didier Calin. We read in the poetic gathas, Yasna 51.9 2nd rhymed verse line: aii.aηhá ḵšûstá aibî ahv.áhü daḵštem dávöi. [Note: The word namaz or namaaz is used in modern Persian to mean prayer. Search from Zoroastrianism Fire stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. In these districts the lands of the Magi are fertile; and it may be as well to give a short account of that sect and their studies, since we have occasion to mention their name. tot en met de 7e eeuw n. Chr. Zoroastrianism, ancient pre- Islamic religion of Iran that survives there in isolated areas and, more prosperously, in India, where the descendants of Zoroastrian Iranian (Persian) immigrants are known as Parsis, or Parsees. At the heart of a Zoroastrian place of worship burns a fire - and where possible the fire burns continuously symbolizing an eternal flame. A flame always burns upwards, so are the paths toward the horizons of a yet unrealized future. Zoroastrianism (or Mazdaism) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra, in Avestan) and was formerly among the world’s largest religions. When they wished to worship as a community, they did so in open air gathering areas around a podium where a fire was lit. While praying helps to reaffirm beliefs, a life based on good deeds is prayer in action. This is because Zoroastrians face a source of light when they pray. The temporal world therefore is the battle-field in which the warrior fulfills his divine destiny, cherishing life as a cultivator and farmer, where plants, animals and men are each called to grow and ripen into powerful forces asserting themselves within the creative order of ašá/arthá. The temporal fire represents the spiritual flame (mainyu athra) within us and the ethical values of Asha: order, beneficence, honesty, fairness and justice. Pingback: Mazda, Odin and the Sacred Fire of Zoroaster – rainwindandwolf. The holiest temple fires take up to a year to consecrate, and many have been burning for years or even centuries. [Also see our page on Fire as well as athra / atash in our Overview page. The word for “fire” in the Avesta is áθar/áthar, also áθarš/átharš, referring to the “fires of altar and hearth.” It comes from reconstructed Proto Indo European *háhtr “hearth or altar fire,” from the root *hahs-“to burn”, and is a cognate of Hittite hâssâ “hearth fire,” (Courtesy of Didier Calin. Fire—along with water—are seen as symbols of purity in Zoroastrian religion.Zoroastrian places of worship are sometimes called fire temples. Zoroastrianism stills retains practitioners in the 21st Century, most notably the Parsees of Mumbai, India. The region is known for its continuously burning natural gas fires, which to the ancients must have seemed like the miraculous phenomenon of an ever-burning fire - a symbol of special importance in Zoroastrianism. Fire is the visible embodiment of the Gods and the “brilliant element” that binds the world of mortal men to the “luminous and limitless” realm of the Immortals. In his epic, the Shahnameh, Ferdowsi states that legendary King Jamshid created four professional guilds of which the priesthood was the first. Instead, mortal man joins with the Immortal ahûrás in the struggle against all limitation, stagnation and chaos; projects himself into the immensity of eternity, and becomes a bridge into the supernal realm. These places of worship are called Agiary or Atash Behram (fire temples). In addition to Herodotus' observations, there is evidence of early western (Persian and Median) open air places of worship in the higher reaches of the foothills of the Zagros and Bakhtiyari mountains (the western mountains of Iran, adjacent to the present Iran-Iraq border) dated to a few hundred years before Herodotus. Zoroastrian temples keep a fire burning at all times to represent Ahura Mazda’s eternal power. Zoroastrians worship in fire temples such as the one below. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Long known as fire worshippers, Zoroastrian fire adoration traces its roots back to those combustible oil deposits found naturally near the surface of the ground there, most notably the Baku Springs region. Staircases led up to the terraces that had a podium on which fire containers were built or fire urns placed. It was probably founded sometime before the 6th century BCE in Greater Iran. Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest world religions and arguably the first monotheistic faith in the world. Further, as the spiritual fire will be diminished with bad or negative thoughts, the temporal fire is kept free from anything that will sully the flame. The verse is about the realization of “an eternal age of progress and a spring with no end” through a “molten, flowing” ḵšûstá “metal/iron” aii.aηhá which “gives or establishes” dávöi the “sign, indication” daḵštem of “a god-like existence” ahv.áhü. A fire temple, Atashkadeh (Persian: آتشکده ‎), Atashgah (آتشگاه) or Dar-e Mehr (در مهر) is the place of worship for the followers of Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Iran . Mantras are insightful thoughts; thoughts for reflection, contemplation and meditation on God's work, personal spiritual growth, introspection and commitment to the principles of the faith as well as personal goals. Zoroastrians are not fire-worshippers, as they are sometimes called. Muslims have also taken the concept of praying five times a day and using a prayer cap or head-covering while praying from Zoroastrianism. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran … Fire is venerated as a great purifying agent and as a symbol of Ahura Mazda’s power, but it is in no way worshiped or thought to be Ahura Mazda himself. ( Log Out /  There are indications that dried shrubs, twigs and wood from Camel Thorn, Juniper and Plane (Chenar) trees were traditionally used for the atash-gah fires.]. In Zoroastrianism, the great gift of the Gods is manö the “mind energy/courage/spirit” to face destiny with unbounded “fiery vitality,” become the artist of the gods aša.van/artha.van and to win the timeless glory sravá by “hearing the song/music of the Immortals.”, In the poetic gathas, the protection páiiüm of Mazdá the “supreme god of inspiring creativity,” is sought in none “other than thy fire and mind power” aniiém θwahmát áθras.čá man.aηhas.čá, (See Yasna 46.7, 3rd rhymed verse line. God made them not with dust and water. It is the symbol of Ahura Mazda, along with the sun, stars and light and is also a physical representation of an illuminated mind. Change ). But to Thy enemy, Mazda//with hands wielding discernible power, inflicts agony. This development is discussed in our page on places of worship. Fire in our faith embodies the triumph, the unsurpassed power of the spirit ḵratü (Homeric krátos,) the breaking free from the confines of space, love of excellence/virtue ašá/arthá and the projection of the unbounded will power into the ends of time and space. The temporal fire represents the spiritual flame (mainyu athra) within us and the ethical values of Asha: order, beneficence, honesty, fairness and justice. Zoroastrian worship practices have evolved from ancient times to the present day. I shall conclude by Yasna 34.4 from the poetic gathas: at töi áθrém ahûrá//aôjö.aηh.vañtem ašá ûsé.mahî, asîštém éma.vañtem//stöi rapañtæ ciθrá-av.aηhem, at mazdá daibiš.iiañtæ//zastá.ištá.áiš dereštá-aæn.aηhem, Thy fire, god-force//energetic through cosmic order, truth; is our object of wish/desire, Swift and mighty//stands to radiate happiness, manifesting good fortune. The orthodox will pray during each of the five divisions of the day (see our page on the Zoroastrian calendar) or gahs (see our page on the Avesta, scriptures) including reciting a special set of prayers before and after bathing. First is the “lofty, auspicious fire” bərəzi.sava, “the Exalted, Victorious fire of the eternal flames.” (Compare Avestan bərəzi “high, lofty” with proto Germanic bergaz, berg,“mountain.”), The good/beautiful fire of “love, fertility” vôhü fryán is the “life force of men and beasts.” The fire of ûrvázištá animates the “plants and trees” ûrvar. English - fire, Greek pyr, Sanskrit pu). In the Zoroastrian religion, fire (see atar), together with clean water (see aban), are agents of ritual purity Persia is now a Mohammedan country. Because fire (Atar or Adur/Adar) is used in many Zoroastrian ceremonies, some people have erroneously described Zoroastrians as “fire worshippers”. In Zoroastrian sacred lore, like in the Norse mythology, the end of the mundane world comes first with 3 harsh, most severe winters and then with fire. They no more worship the fire than Christians worship the Cross or Jews worship the Torah scroll. However, fire is not worshipped, but is seen as sacred force which is the source of all energy and the sy… The notion of fire worship goes back to reverence for “hearth fire” among ancient Indo-Europeans. Look upon the fire and behold therein how they were created." The terms “Fire Worship” and “Fire-Worshippers” were always associated with Zoroastrianism and Zoroastrians throughout history. Even when the ancient words of a manthra are poorly understood, reciting a manthra has a calming, soothing effect that allows the mind to refocus itself. Nowadays, even with the advent of temples, worship or praying for Zoroastrians is primarily an individual endeavour at home or in the open, by the sea, on hill tops, or in some other suitable open setting. The temples contain an inner sanctum (pavi) or platform where a fire is maintained or placed. The Zoroastrian scriptures are called the Avesta, and they are written in an ancient language Avestan, that is closely related … In Zoroastrianism, fire symbolizes the Struggle between being and becoming, the pure transformative energy, the WILL POWER that drives mortal man forward towards godhood and becoming infinitely better. The wondrous workings of the cosmic order ašá/arthá are akin to the transformative nature of fire. The Scripture Selection page provides some verses from the Gathas and their translations. In Indo-European languages, there were two concepts regarding fire: that of an animate type called *egni- (cf. The passing of Zoroastrian ideas and values from one person to the next is symbolized by a new flame being lit from an existing one. Zoroastrian's worship in places known as fire temples and it is there that an eternal flame is kept burning with sandalwood and frankincense oils. Zoroastrians worship in fire temples, where a sacred fire is kept burning to signify an eternal flame, and fire is always present during special prayers and ceremonies. Our bodies are the temples of the spiritual flame - the mainyu athra that resides within us - and our lives are the temples of our souls. 4th century CE, Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus makes the following observations in his Rerum gestarum libri Interestingly, in Avestan nemase-te means 'reverence to you'. The gathering areas were on hillsides and hilltops. These fire-keepers are priests of the Zoroastrian religion. Zoroastrianism: Boyce, Mary: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen … The temporal fire also represents the fire of creation. ), Avestan manö is a cognate with Greek menos μένος, understood as ‘fighting spirit’ in Homeric contexts, and indicates creative forces animated by supernal “disposition/mindset/spirit.”. Pak Yazdan, the purest Divinity)." The Misconception of Zoroastrians as Fire Worshipers . Zoroastrianism at a glance. Het zoroastrisme is de inheemse monotheïstische en dualistische religie van Iran die werd gesticht door de profeet Zarathustra (Oudgrieks: Zoroaster).Het zoroastrisme is een van de oudste levende religieuze tradities ter wereld, en is van de 6e eeuw v. Chr. The idea of the sacred fire is also a fundamental symbol in Zoroastrian worship. 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