* 4 The Battle of Refugio Fighting was halted that day due to darkness. David, as a young teenager and a shepherd who had been tending sheep probably since he was a very young child, knew a lot about tending sheep and how dangerous it was to protect them from predators. Fannin hoped to retreat to Victoria, but hesitated for several days. to educate everyone, Masons and Fannin was ordered by Sam Houston on 11 March 1836 to abandon Goliad and retreat to the Guadalupe River near Victoria. The Texans were less than one mile from the safety of the tree line of Coleto Creek. However, he had sent most of his carts and horses with Ward to Refugio and had no cavalry. The wounded were taken out and laid in front of the chapel doors. Fannin met to discuss terms with Colonel Juan Holzinger. In a disastrous setback for the Texans resisting Santa Anna’s dictatorial regime, the Mexican army defeats and executes 417 Texas revolutionaries at Goliad. The bodies were piled high, set afire and then left to the mercies of the vultures and wild animals. However, things get out of control when the heir turns against Princess Bubblegum. They linked up and fortified a mission. The Mexicans The Texans were formed into three groups, and under very heavy guard taken out of the fort. In 1821, Mexico became an independent state from Spain and set about consolidating its territory. Not until the morning of 19 March did Fannin finally begin his retreat from Goliad. Gonzales. General Urrea's objective was to control the Gulf of Mexico, which would ensure that Santa Anna's supply lines were protected. On 18 March, Urrea's advanced scouts were viewing Goliad. Goliad was … The Mexican troops were lined up on each side of the line of prisoners. In 1835, thousands of Americans, mostly from the southern states, had immigrated to Mexico. The Texans were formed into three groups, and under very heavy guard taken out of the fort. After breakfast the march was continued, nothing new transpiring until about 12½ o'clock, P.M., the Mexicans were then descried on our left and rear, their cavalry approached us rapidly, seemingly with the intention of cutting us off from the timber of the Colett creek, they fired a few shots at us when Col Fanning, exclaimed (I was standing close by him at the time) "That's the signal for battle, I won't retreat another foot," we then unlimbered our pieces (six in all) formed ourselves into a hollow square, placing t… The Battle of Goliad followed as the fourth seige. (Click here for enlargement) The Pine Island Webwright Some bones, gnawed by coyotes and dogs were on top of the ground. That afternoon, Urrea's cavalry encircled the Texians on open prairie near Coleto. One such adventure was to Goliad, TX for the annual reenactment of the 1836 Goliad Massacre and the battles of Goliad leading up to the Massacre. The Republic of Texas - The Texas Revolution The Goliad Massacre. One group was told that they were going to gather wood, another to drive up cattle, and the other group was told that they were going to the port of Copano. Fannin Takes Action The Texan force included the San Antonio Greys, the Red Rovers, the Mustangs commanded by Burr H. Duval, a militia from Refugio commanded by Hugh McDonald Frazer, Texan regular soldiers commanded by Ira Westover, and the Mobile Greys. Battle of Goliad. The battle date, Cinco de Mayo (May 5), is a national holiday throughout Mexico, and is celebrated in Goliad and in several Texas cities. Antonio López de Santa Anna, who was commanding the Mexican forces in Texas, overruled the agreement, and about 400 troops under Fannin’s command (including some who had been captured in other encounters) were shot on March 27, Palm Sunday. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Battle of Goliad. While Santa Anna led the main column of troops to retake San Antonio, his subordinate, General Jose Urrea led his right wing towards Goliad along the Texas gulf coast. Due to political changes, the policies of the Mexican government became more and more repressive. Back To Texas Masonry SURVEY . As Urrea drew nearer, it became clear that he would have to capture Goliad in order to achieve his objective. 1. 30 seconds . As Urrea drew nearer, it became clear that he would have to capture Goliad in order to achieve his objective. The soldiers then returned to the fort and executed the wounded that were in the chapel. Each group was given a different story as to where they were going. Brother Fannin also believed that, by occupying Goliad, he could ensure that Santa Anna could not draw supplies from the Gulf of Mexico. Set about consolidating its territory soldiers left for San Antonio de Béxar to reinforce.... 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