Here, as he closes the letter, John asserts Jesus'full divinity once again: "He is the true God and eternal life." But, many early church fathers, as well as the Reformers, argued that the phrase refers to the closest antecedent, namely, to Jesus Christ. The experience just referred to, in the preceding note, is summed up in this. If the Son is less, if he is not the real God even as the Father is the real God, then this entire epistle and all that it declares about his blood, expiation, our fellowship with God, etc., are futile.''" ", And (de) "is literally a mild adversative particle, contrasting the blind indifference of the world (1Jn 5:19) with the new understanding of the believer." So 1 John 1:9 says, “If we confess our sins” — he doesn’t specify any particular kind — “he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” The author is John son of Zebedee (see Mk 1:19–20)—the apostle and the author of the Gospel of John and Revelation (see Introductions to both books: Author). If you have never read it, there is a modern day classic on knowing God written by J I Packer entitled "Knowing God". (1 John 5:18-21 Knowing This, Guard Yourself), David Smith - “The assurance and guarantee of it all—the incarnation, an overwhelming demonstration of God’s interest in us and His concern for our highest good. 1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. Wuest says "John does not use erchomai (to come) here, a verb which speaks only of the act of coming, but hēkō which includes in the idea of coming, the fact of arrival and personal presence. Do I not better understand with what vision and rapture the profoundest of the disciples exclaims, ‘The Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we might know Him that is true?’ ” (“Natural Law in the Spiritual World”). Eph. Christ is embodiment, as well as the source, of the life which springs from God and is given to believers, and will forever be ministered to them. ", This is the true God (“the true or real one”) - To Whom does "this" (houtos) refer? (Word Studies from the Greek New Testament), Hiebert has a helpful note on this verb (heko) - The verb (hēkei, a present tense verb with the force of the perfect) expresses the finality of His appearing in incarnation. John 3:35. γὰρ refers to the whole of what follows down to ποιεῖ, of which καὶ μείζονα, etc., … The new birth provides a new nature from God, which cannot sin. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. The abiding reality of His incarnate appearing here on earth is essential for His present heavenly ministry (Heb. 1 John 3:16. (The Epistles of John- An Expositional Commentary), Vine adds that 1Jn 5:20 "states the ground upon which believers are assured of the facts mentioned in 1Jn 5:18-note and 1Jn 5:19-note, as to their relationship with God and their consequent condition regarding sin, Satan and the world. If so, this is one of the strongest direct statements of the deity of Christ in the New Testament. What is predicated of the Father is here likewise predicated of the Son. Has given (1325)(didomi) means to give and in context is based on decision of will of Giver and no merit of the recipients. Comp. The content, style, and vocabulary seem to warrant the conclusion that these three epistles were addressed to the same readers as the Gospel of John. Chapter 5 concludes the book of 1 John, once again emphasizing the supremacy of love in the Christian experience. In context what is involved is the mental ability to discern the significance of the coming of Christ (Messiah as prophesied over in the OT), specifically the incarnation of the Son of God. Grayston adds that "The deepest level of awareness of God, is achieved only by intimate communion with the Son.” (New Century Bible Commentary), Vine adds that "The increasing knowledge of Him that is true is possible because we are in Him. They know that Jesus came to take away their *sin. Scripture: 1 John 5:20. He is the only true God, and he is eternal life. This fact distinguishes Him from all false gods. ‘This (one) is … 1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true--in His Son Jesus Christ. Read Introduction to 1 John “And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us an understanding, that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal … — 1 John 5:20. Bible > 1 John > Chapter 5 > Verse 20 Library • Free Downloads • eBibles In John 5:17-18, Jesus claimed that God is His Father, which the Jews understood as blasphemy, because he was making Himself equal with God. 3 In fact, this is love for God: to keep his commands. 1 John 5:20 "This is the true God, and eternal life." (NET Note). NASB 1 John 5-8 the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and all three give the same testimony. Calling this “the clinching statement” of the epistle, Lenski asserts: ''Everything depends on his deity, and his deity means no less than this, that as the Father who is made known to us by him is the only real God (1Th 1:9), so also his Son Jesus Christ “is the real God” and eternal life. R. E. Brown (Epistles of John [AB], 625) comments, “I John, which began with an example of stunning grammatical obscurity in the prologue, continues to the end to offer us examples of unclear grammar.” The nearest previous antecedent is Jesus Christ, immediately preceding, but on some occasions when this has been true the pronoun still refers to God (see 1 John 2:3). He claimed that the day is coming when those in the tombs would hear His voice and come forth, either to a resurrection of life or of judgment (John 5:28-29). 1 John 5:20 Treasury of Scripture Knowing. His coming was not like that of a meteor, flashing across the sky and then gone. They have devalued Jesus into being merely a righteous man. In 3:9, John based his assertion that those born of God could not sin on the fact that God’s seed abides in them. He is the only true God, and he is eternal life” (1 John 5:20). It is also implied that one knows the Father, described here as "the only true God," through knowing Jesus. If Jesus doesn’t reveal the Father, we cannot know Him. Alethinos describes that which has not only the name and resemblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name, in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name -- thus genuine not spurious, fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended. As the Bible clearly states that there is only one true God then this might mean that John was saying that the Son, aswell as the Father, were this "God". Did not our blessed Lord say, "I am come a light into the world, that whoever believes on me should not abide in darkness?" The perfect tense marks the abiding nature of this gift of understanding. Vincent says the idea is that we might "Apprehend progressively. When the Lord Jesus is pleased in some solemn hour to reveal himself to our soul, when he graciously condescends to take the veil from off our heart that we may behold his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth, when he kindly favors us with some manifestation and discovery of himself as the Son of God, the brightness of the Father's glory and the express image of his Person, then we know that the Son of God has come. (The Epistles of John- An Expositional Commentary), WE KNOW CHRIST HAS Now as God is light, when he is pleased to shine into the soul, we walk in the light as he is in the light, and then we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us from all sin. This is the best, this is the surest, this is the safest way to know that the Son of God is come. 1 John 5:20. Date of Writing: The Book of 1 John was likely written between A.D. 85-95. This is the true God, and eternal life." 2:17-18-note; Heb 4:14–16-note). The believer is not groping in the dark. 2:22 Jesus is the Christ has been born of God, and # John 8:42 everyone who loves the Father loves whoever has been born of him. This incarnation is God making Himself accessible to human thought—God opening to man the possibility of correspondence through Jesus Christ. This undoubtedly brought to his mind the false god of the heretics. 1 John 3:16. Thus we know that the Son of God has come. The Son of God has come - The Name Son of God speaks of the deity of Jesus and the verb has come speaks of the historical event of His incarnation. This is the true God and eternal life - "He is both “the true God, and eternal life.” The second designation, used without the article, is closely joined to the first designation; He is both true deity and life eternal. 1 Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves the father loves his child as well. 2. From studying the immediate context, we learn that this very verse mentions “him that is true” two times, and both times it refers to the Father. 4:18-note), and in contrast to the claims of the Gnostics, who regarded the Christian faith as merely an effort to communicate with the infinite. (The Epistles of John- An Expositional Commentary), Cole concurs with Hiebert noting that "Conservative scholars are divided over whether the last phrase, “This is the true God,” refers to the Father or to Jesus. John and his fellow apostles recognized Jesus as the Son of God, because He had opened their eyes. October 25. This is the true God, and eternal life." As the Bible clearly states that there is only one true God then this might mean that John was saying that the Son, aswell as the Father, were this "God". Those who put their faith in Christ can know, for sure, that they have eternal life. This is the true God and eternal life.” And we know that the Son of God has come NLT And we know that the Son of God has come, and he has given us understanding so that we can know the true God. This assurance comes by trusting what we know of the life of Jesus Christ, as … John again asserts the Christian certainty that the Son of God has come (1Jn 5:20a), indicates the resultant gift of understanding (1Jn 5:20b), and expresses the resultant experiential realization of believers (1Jn 5:20c)." Love of the Lord Jesus and obedience to His command is the focal points of John's writing.. so that all who believe on the name of the only begotten Son of God would know, without question that they have eternal life in Him. 1 John 5:20 "And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and the Life of the Ages. 1 John 5:20 20 And we know that the Son of God has come and r has given us understanding, so that we may know s him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. — 1 John 5:20. THE THIRD CERTITUDE: 2. The reason I put it like that is because of what 1 John 1:9 says and what Hebrews 12:16 says. Through the understanding that Christ gives, we come personally to “know Him who is true.” The word “true” means “genuine” or “authentic.” He is the only genuine God; all others are fakes or impostors. Daily Words for Zion's Wayfarers. Hiebert adds "It designates Him as the God Who is genuine or real as opposed to the counterfeit gods of the heretics. In Him Godhood and eternal life are inseparably united. John 10:30; 14:9, 10). 17 All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death. He Himself assures me, ‘This is life eternal, that they might know Thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent.’ Do I not now discern the deeper meaning in Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent? And has he not promised, "He that follows me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life?" (1 John 5:18-21 Knowing This, Guard Yourself), Understanding (1271)(dianoia from dianoéomai = to agitate in mind in turn from dia = through + noeo = to think, nous = mind) is literally "a through mind (which) denotes the ability to pass beyond the external and superficial to discern and understand true reality. ", The NET Note favors this (one) as referring to Jesus Christ - The pronoun This one (οὗτος, houtos) refers to a person, but it is far from clear whether it should be understood as a reference (1) to God the Father or (2) to Jesus Christ. In light of John’s polemic against the false teachers, who denied Jesus’ deity, it would seem fitting at the end of the book to refer to Jesus as “the only true God and eternal life.” (1 John 5:18-21 Knowing This, Guard Yourself). Vincent favors "God the Father. True (228)(alethinos from alethes = true, one who cannot lie) is an adjective which pertains to being in accordance with historical fact - genuine, real, true, valid, trustworthy (worthy of confidence, dependable). If the above is correct then we would have to accept that Jesus Christ is "the only true God." How do you know that the sun rose this morning? The reason I put it like that is because of what 1 John 1:9 says and what Hebrews 12:16 says. This is my opportunity to know Him. ", Jackman points out, “Understanding Christian truth is not a matter of mastering doctrinal formulations, important though they are, or of grasping philosophical ideas like those the Gnostics propagated; but of meeting, knowing and submitting to the person who is truth, ‘so that we may know Him Who is true.’ (The Message of John's Letters), Compare Jesus prayer request to His Father “And this is eternal life, that they may know (ginosko in the present tense = that we may know the Father personally and continue growing in that knowledge) Thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent." Hiebert adds that John "reaffirms that mystical union with God that John has repeatedly asserted (1Jn 2:5-note, 1Jn 2:24-note, 1Jn 2:27-28-note; 1Jn 3:24-note; 1Jn 4:4-note, 1Jn 4:12-13-note, 1Jn 4:15-16-note). (John 17:3), Robertson on Him Who is true - "That is, God." God in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ came to earth to reconcile man to the Father through the Son.. and to give spiritual understanding and godly wisdom to all who would trust in His name - Who is the only way to God, the only truth from God and the only life of God. A Study Of The Letter Of First John – Praying According To The Will Of God Series Contributed by Chuck Brooks on Aug 10, 2020 | 819 views. Both facts are intimate; the one involves the other; for what is stressed in the whole statement is the essential unity of the Father and Son (cp. The first predicate which follows This one in 5:20, the true God, is a description of God the Father used by Jesus in John 17:3, and was used in the preceding clause of the present verse to refer to God the Father (him who is true). This is the true God, and eternal life. In contemporary Greek pagan usage this verb was used to record the solemn appearance of a god, and indeed John 1:14 (note) portrays the solemn uniqueness of the incarnate Christ. Not simply a historic fact but an abiding operation—not ‘came’ (ēlthe) but ‘hath come and hath given us.’ Our faith is not a matter of intellectual theory but of personal and growing acquaintance with God through the enlightenment of Christ’s Spirit (ton alethinon), “the real” as opposed to the false God of the heretics.”, Has come (hēkō) means to have come, have arrived, be present. For example, Jesus said (Luke 10:21-22), “I praise You, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and have revealed them to infants. John 5:20. 1 John 5 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; ONE LAST WARNING: WATCH OUT FOR IDOLS! John 5:20. There is something to my mind so singularly blessed in the expression "eternal life," that I cannot help dwelling upon it. The same construction and thought are expressed in Christ’s prayer in John 17:3 (see below). See 1 John 5:20 with its adjacent verses in bold below. Cole comments on Son of God - Jesus came and John and his fellow apostles had to recognize Him as the Son of God. This is the true God, and eternal life. So 1 John 1:9 says, “If we confess our sins” — he doesn’t specify any particular kind — “he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-25-knowing-guard-yourself-1-john-518-21 He remains in His followers on earth." There is something to my mind so singularly blessed in the expression "eternal life," that I cannot help dwelling upon it. He was a fisherman, one of Jesus’ inner circle (together with James and Peter), and “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (Jn 13:23; see note there). 1. And his commands are not burdensome, 4 for everyone born of God overcomes the world. To have the life is to have the person in eternal possession (1Jn 5:12-note). Believers have eternal life in the covenant of the gospel. John does not hesitate in the least to call Jesus "God" (John 1:1, 18; 20:28). WE KNOW CHRIST HAS COME, Hiebert explains that "This third assurance, the longest and most involved, is the ground and substance of the preceding two (1Jn 5:18-note, 1Jn 5:19-note). NLT 1 John 5-8 the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three agree. 1 John 5:20 clearly expresses a similar idea to John 17:3. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda [] and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. It is, “the Son of God has come (in incarnation), has arrived and is here.” While He departed in His glorified body to Heaven, yet He is here in His presence in the Church. Jesus is the only way to the Father (John 14:6), yet throughout the ages man has attempted to devise other paths to God through false religions or to live in such a way as to merit His approval. The perfect tenses indicate the permanent results of what is stated. GNT Vine on eternal life - Literally., “life eternal,” with stress on each word. Scripture: 1 John 5:20. This power and process of the knowledge of God through the understanding given to us, is set in contrast to the darkness of the world (1Jn 5:19-note; cp. Commentary on 1 John 5:13-17 (Read 1 John 5:13-17) Upon all this evidence, it is but right that we believe on the name of the Son of God. He is the true God and t … Cole - This divine gift of understanding brings us into a personal relationship with the only true God, so that we come to know Him. 1Jo 5:20 - And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in … ESV 1 John 5-8 the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement. That is the way in which the darkness is dispersed; for he adds, "Behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people; but the Lord shall rise upon you, and his glory shall be seen upon you." GIVEN US UNDERSTANDING. From beginning to end John points to Christ as the only way to God, the only truth from God and the only life of God - in Whom alone is abundant life.. eternal life and the forgiveness of sins. God is eternal life (John 5:26) and He gives it to us through Christ. ", Wuest on true - “True” is not alethes, “true,” that is, veracious, but alethinos “genuine” as opposed to the false and counterfeit, here, the genuine God as opposed to the false God of the heretics. This one is the true God and eternal life. John Stott and James Boice follow B. F. Westcott in arguing that “This” refers to “Him who is true,” in which case all three uses of true refer to the Father. John 5:1-20 New International Version (NIV) The Healing at the Pool. So the Lord speaks to Zion--"Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you." This is the true God, and this is eternal life. 2 John Greeting. Thus, there is every reason to believe that the “true God” of 1 John 5:20 is the heavenly Father, and there is no precedent for believing that it refers to the Son. He is the only true God, and he is eternal life” (1 John 5:20). 1 John 5 – Born of God and Believing in the Son of God A. The relationship expressed by “in Him” brings us back to the fellowship with God with which John begins the epistle (1Jn 1:3-note). 1 John 5:20 "This is the true God, and eternal life." Yes, Father, for this way was well-pleasing in Your sight. Only He can reveal the Father to us, according to His sovereign will. The apostle has stated that “God is light” (1Jn 1:5-note) and that “God is love” (1Jn 4:8-note, 1Jn 4:16-note); he now says, in effect, that “God is life.” At the same time he recalls his opening phrase “concerning the Word of life” (1Jn 1:1-note), which forms his great subject. 1 John 5:20-21 King James Version (KJV) 20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. Heavenly Father, thank You that You sent Your only begotten Son to become our Saviour. He claimed to have the power to give life to whom He wishes, to judge everyone, and to receive the same honor as the Father (John 5:21-23). Every prayer, every petition, every sigh and cry, every longing look that you cast up to him, and every word of his grace, every sweet promise, every glimpse or glance of the King in his beauty, which you receive out of his fullness, are all so many testimonies that the Son of God has come, and that you know that he has come. Thank You that in Him we have eternal life and the forgiveness of sins - and thank You that as members of His body we are one with Him and reconciled back to You forever - in His name we pray, AMEN. By the Sun of righteousness arising upon you with healing in his wings and the shining light which he diffuses in your heart. We are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ - The Twentieth Century New Testament helps us understand the pronouns in this passage (but there is some disagreement) “and we are in union with the True God by our union with his Son, Jesus Christ.” John is reminding us of our union with God. If This one in 5:20 is understood as referring to Jesus, it forms an inclusion with the prologue, which introduced the reader to “the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us.” Thus it appears best to understand the pronoun This one in 5:20 as a reference to Jesus Christ. John 3:35. γὰρ refers to the whole of what follows down to ποιεῖ, of which καὶ μείζονα, etc., … “True”: The word means “genuine” as opposed to what is false (verse 21). Cole introduces this verse noting that in 1Jn 5:20 "John has just mentioned the true God. (5:20) Three times John affirms that the heretics are wrong. How the thought, the feeling of it … 18 We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not; but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not. But he is more -- much more. Since John has clearly said that believers do sin (1:8, 10; 2:1; 5:16), he must mean here that no genuine child of God lives in a state of sin. The relationship involves the knowledge… being in the Father, we are in the Son, and, vice versa, being in the Son, we are in the Father. How the thought, the feeling of it … At John 17:3, eternal life is to KNOW (1) the only true God and (2) Jesus. 2 This is how we know that we love the children of God: by loving God and carrying out his commands. If the above is correct then we would have to accept that Jesus Christ is "the only true God." 1 John 5:20 clearly expresses a similar idea to John 17:3. Ginosko is in the present tense which signifies that we continually know or we have the constant experience of knowing. 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